The Somalia programme is the largest of DRC’s four country programmes currently carried out in the Horn of Africa & Yemen. Activities span from emergency response to longer term recovery and development aimed at strengthening resilience in the region. DRC has 17 operational field offices in Somalia where programmes are developed, designed and implemented by teams of international and national staff.
The programme is managed through six programme offices in Hargeisa in Somaliland, Bossaso and North Galkayo in Puntland, and in Beletweyne (Hiraan Region), Dollow (Gedo Region), and Mogadishu (Banadir Region) in South Central Somalia. This presence allows for rapid responses and flexibility in providing contextualized assistance to populations affected by humanitarian crisis in the region.
DRC works in support of refugee and displaced populations in both urban and rural settings and introduces interventions that in combination constitute a comprehensive approach to providing humanitarian aid and making vulnerable communities more resilient to shocks.
Danish Refugee Council’s approach aims to create synergy between the different humanitarian aid and development projects in the Horn of Africa & Yemen – both in terms of geographical coverage and types of activities implemented in support of refugees and populations displaced or otherwise affected by conflict, consequences of climate change and natural hazards in the region.
To improve accountability and dialogue with beneficiaries, DRC has developed and introduced an innovative SMS project in Somalia since 2011. The SMS feedback system allows for communication with recipients of aid in difficult accessible areas, and DRC is exploring ways of further expanding use of this tool to enhance accountability, transparency and dialogue in the region.
South Central Somalia
DRC opened its first field office in South Central Somalia in 2005 in Beletweyne in Hiraan Region. The office in Mogadishu, Banadir Region, opened in early 2007 followed by an offices in Abudwak and Guriel in Galgaduug, and finally in Dollow, Gedo Region in 2012. With the office in Dollow on the border with Ethiopia, DRC supports displaced populations on the Somali side of the border and aims to explore cross border operations with DRC’s operations in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia.
DRC’s South and Central Somalia programme is concentrated in the Banadir (Mogadishu and its environs), Hiraan, and Gedo regions. In these four regions, DRC provides life-saving assistance, supports improved livelihoods, builds and rehabilitates infrastructure, and works with clan elders to build their capacities and strengthen local governance.
Programme activities in Hiraan and Galgaduug are mainly related to agricultural development, water and sanitation and hygiene education (WASH), improved livelihoods, as well as DRC’s expanding Community Driven Rehabilitation and Development programme (CDRD).
In the capital Mogadishu, DRC’s humanitarian interventions cover a wide range of activities from the provision of shelter and basic non-food items in standardised aid packages (NFIs), to water and sanitation and hygiene education (WASH), alternative livelihoods, cash relief, and protection programmes.
DRC’s Dollow programme is addressing critical needs for shelter, water and sanitation and hygiene education (WASH), and protection of internally displaced and their host communities.
DRC has been working in Somaliland since 1998, when the very first DRC office in the region was established. There are six field offices in Somaliland supporting drought-affected and other vulnerable populations both urban and rural areas. In Somaliland, DRC works with emergency responses and longer term recovery and development projects. More recent projects introduce education and business development projects for youth, as well as water and sanitation and hygiene education (WASH), agricultural development, improved livelihoods, capacity building to strengthen local governance, and support to victims of gender based violence (GBV).
The eastern regions of Sool and Sanaag are the least developed and most insecure regions of Somaliland. To address recent needs for emergency aid in these and neighbouring regions, DRC has provided relief aid through unconditional cash grants, and cash for work projects. Other activities include the construction of shared latrines and distribution of basic non-food items (NFIs) in several communities in rural areas of Somaliland as well as community driven recovery and development programming.
In the Qalqooyi Galbeed region, DRC works with a number of interventions in support of conflict-afflicted communities and displaced populations. Longer term engagements with rural communities include implementation of the Community Driven Recovery and Development (CDRD) programme, whereas shorter term interventions are addressing emergency needs.
The vast majority of DRC activities in the semi-autonomous territory of Puntland are targeting humanitarian assistance in support of displaced populations. DRC started its operations in Puntland in 2005 with a field office in Bossaso on the north coast. Along with the DRC office in Bossaso, four sub-offices in Qardho, Baran, Garowe, and North Galkayo in Puntland have been established, from where DRC is providing assistance to large numbers of people displaced by armed conflict and consequences of drought.
DRC in Puntland adopts an integrated approach by providing life-saving assistance, supporting protection and livelihoods activities, and constructing and rehabilitating infrastructure for internally displaced persons (IDPs), conflict-and drought affected populations and the urban poor. In Puntland, DRC’s assistance include the provision of cash relief and shelter kits, as well as the construction and rehabilitation of water infrastructure, schools, and other community assets. In addition, DRC is implementing the Community Driven Recovery and Development (CDRD) programme in Puntland building local governance capacities and supporting local recovery and development in rural communities.